What is an Environmental Impact Assessment?
- 19 Feb
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An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process which identifies the environmental impacts of a development project and clearly outlines measures to mitigate the negative impacts caused during project construction, implementation and decommissioning. The Environmental Management Act defines an Environmental Impact assessment as ‘an evaluation of a project to determine its impact on the environment and human health and to set out the required environmental monitoring and management procedures and plans’. The EIA is thus a tool that enhances sustainable development where environmental, economic and social pillars are mainstreamed in the project in a balanced manner.
Purpose of an Environmental Impact Assessment
- To determine the potential and known effects of proposed projects on the cultural, social, economic and ecological health of an area affected and put in place measures to avoid negative impacts while enhancing the positive ones.
- To ensure that adequate environmental information is available to decision makers,
- Identification of cultural, social, economic and ecological monitoring and management requirements during construction , operation & decommissioning,
- To improve public participation in government decisions by involving the public at all stages of the EIA.